Bullying and Its Prevention: The SSA program is a variant of a student watch program Ross, that recruits and trains socially influential youth from the different social groups that exist in schools to note and report instances of bullying and other antisocial behavior Community Matters, However, SSA is considered a second generation student watch program because a much greater emphasis is placed on training youth bystanders on methods to intervene as warranted by the situation rather than simply noticing and reporting bullying to school staff.
The overall goal of the SSA program is to improve the school climate by empowering students who are neither bullies nor victims of bullies, but have a good probability of being a bystander, to play a clear role in preventing episodes of bullying and related activities. The aims of this preliminary review of the literature are to: Provide a brief overview of the bullying problem, Establish the importance of utilizing bystanders in the prevention of bullying, Discuss core factors in effective bystander interventions, and Assess the literature for outcomes of bullying prevention programs and bystander interventions.
Although overall rates of violent crime have declined from their peak in the s, intentional violence still accounts for one-third of all injury deaths Hamburg,and violent injury and death continues to disproportionately affect children, adolescents and young adults US Department of Health and Human Services, Over the last several decades, violence has come to be defined as a public health issue and greater public attention has been paid to its prevention, not simply its deterrence and control Elliot, During the s and increasingly throughout the s, major national initiatives to address youth violence were mounted, including the passage of the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act of Violence also became an established field of research study.
Over time, these prevention and research efforts helped define bullying prevention as an important area of violence prevention by drawing attention to the: Cycle of violence in which victimization begets future perpetration Violence prevention needs in the school environment Establishment of a bully prevention program as one of the ten Blueprints for Violence Prevention Elliot, Much of what has been learned to date comes from studies conducted in Scandinavian countries, Great Britain, Ireland, Spain, Australia, the Netherlands, and Japan Banks, ; Olweus, An important conclusion drawn from this research is the universality of bullying behaviors Macklem, Bullying is a problem in all schools and countries around the world.
Throughout the s, a number of studies were conducted to understand the prevalence and incidence of bullying. A subsequent study, representing the first nationwide research on bullying in the U.
Ericson used these data to estimate that 1. Moreover, based on the original study, the National Institute of Child Health and Development found that bullying behaviors were a marker for involvement in future violence-related behaviors. In fact, it reported that children and youth that engaged in bullying behaviors were the group most at risk for engaging in violent behaviors over time Nansel, T.
Because bystanders are almost always present whereas adults rarely witness bullying, their participation in school-based bullying programs is considered instrumental. Becoming an assistant of the bully, Defending the victim, or Remaining an outsider.
Bystanders can reinforce the bully by laughing or cheering on behavior. Literature Review: Understanding and Preventing Bullying Allison Seals & Arlene Josy-Allen Springfield College SHS Houston HUSB H1 Professor Drayden 08/01/ Literature Review: Understanding and Preventing Bullying Bullying is a wide-spread problem in our schools and communities that has long-term academic, physical, and emotional.
Literature Review Bullying and Its Prevention: Implications for the Safe School Ambassadors® Program Assess the literature for outcomes of bullying prevention programs and bystander interventions.
researchers need more innovative strategies. One such innovation is incorporating an understanding of group dynamics into program.
Literature Review - Bullying Literature Review.
My Account. Bullying Literature Review Essay example. Bullying Literature Review Essay example To determine how to prevent and minimize the occurrence of bullying, there must be an understanding of the issue by defining and categorizing what bullying is, then a compilation of data and findings.
A review of literature () on student bullying by Australia's Safe and Supportive School Communities Working Group (PDF, KB) has been written specifically for . A Critical Review ofLiterature: Understanding Bullying Behaviors ofChildren. by Stacey Baier. A Research Paper Submitted in Partial Fulfillment ofthe Requirements for the Master ofScience Degree. prevention of bullying behaviors in and out of school and will be able to utilize. Literature Review Bullying and Its Prevention: Implications for the Safe School Ambassadors® Program Assess the literature for outcomes of bullying prevention programs and bystander interventions. researchers need more innovative strategies. One such innovation is incorporating an understanding of group dynamics into program.
Literature Review: Understanding and Preventing Bullying Bullying is a wide-spread problem in our schools and communities that has long-term academic, physical, and emotional consequences for the victim, as well as the bystanders, and bully. - Literature Review Supporting Research on Bullying After reviewing and analyzing multiple sources in relation to the widespread issue of bullying in schools and academic achievement, it is apparent that there is a strong negative relationship between the two factors.
Literature Review of School Bullying 1 Literature Review of Bullying at Schools Carla Bennett EDUA School Bullying. Literature Review of School Bullying 2 Bullying and Harassment at Schools Bullying and harassment are not new issues that students and schools face.
In fact, over it will prevent it from becoming a bullying behaviour.