Administered over a barangay of 40 to 50 families Collected tribute in the barangay Position was originally hereditary among the local elites of the pre-colonial period Position was made elective in ; the gobernadorcillo and other cabezas chose a name and presented it to the Governor General for appointment to the position in a specific barangay. After three years of service, a cabeza was qualified for election to the office of the gobernadorcillo.
Under the encomienda system, the native populations were required to pay tribute to the encomendero of the area. Although Spain had used this system before elsewhere, it did not work quite as ef-fectively in the Philippines as it did in most of her American colonies.
The laxity of rule also provided encouragement to the encomenderos who took it upon themselves to as-sume the role of local chieftains, datus, rajahs and sultans lording over the people who po-pulated their encomiendas.
Another burden The spanish period on local populations was the Spa-nish Catholic Church, or rather, the religious orders of that institution. The five regular orders who were assigned to Christianize the inhabitants of the Philippines were the Au-gustinians, who came with Legazpi, the Franciscansthe The spanish periodthe Dominican friars and the Au-gustinian Recollects Inall had agreed to cover a specific area of the archi-pelago to deal with the vast dispersion of the local popu-lation.
The Augustinians and Franciscans covered the Tag-alog regions in Central Luzon while the Jesuits managed smaller areas around and outside the capital.
The provinces of Pampanga and Ilocos were assigned to the Augustinians. The province of Camarines went to the Franciscans. The Augustinians and Jesuits were also assigned the whole of the Visayan islands but the Christian conquest had not reached greater parts of the island of Mindanao due largely to a highly resistant Muslim community that existed the pre-conquest period.
In reality, it was a pretext to establish their temporal rule over their flocks in the islands. A thorough indoctrination of the faith that exalted their status as holy saviours made it simpler to convince the pious through moral suasion on grounds that doing so would buy them entrance through the gates of heaven at the moment of death.
So along with the encomenderos — who themselves were part of the pious, the religious orders eventually became both secular and temporal powers to contend with being also the largest land owners in the islands.
Judged even by Spanish standards, the officials and clergy of the Catholic Church in the Philippines were considered reactionary and bigoted much to the discredit of the faith and the line of kings ruling in Spain some of whom had good intentions.
While their main task was to spread Christianity, secular priests did not belong to any religious order. They were trained specifically to run the parishes and were under the supervision of the bishops in Manila.
Conflict began when the bishops in Manila insisted on visiting the parishes that were being run by the Spanish friars across the colony.
It was their duty, the bishops argued, to check on the administration of these parishes. They threatened to abandon their parishes if the bishops persisted.
But the maladministration of the friars over the centuries on the local populace was only too notorious and the bishops were determined to end the temporal rule of the friars.
In turn, he assigned secular priests to take their place. Since there were not enough seculars to fill all the vacancies the Archbishop hastened the ordination of Fili-pino priest. A royal decree was also issued near the closing of that year which provided for the secularization of all pa-rishes or the transfer of parochial administration from the friars to the secular Filipino priests.
Obviously, the friars resented the move largely since they considered Filipinos priests unfit for the priesthood. The issue soon took on a racial slant. The contro-versy became even more intense when the Jesuits returned to the Philippines. They had been banished from the Philippines in by King Charles III of Spain because of certain policies of the order that Spanish authorities did not like and their parishes and missions were transferred to other religious orders.
The reformation of the faith in the colony had be-gun. Unfortunately, he died in an earthquake that destroyed the Manila Cathedral in But after his death, other local priests took his place in fighting for the secularization movement.the early spanish period Philippines Table of Contents The first recorded sighting of the Philippines by Europeans was on March 16, , during Ferdinand Magellan's circumnavigation of the globe.
Spanish colonial motives were not, however, strictly commercial. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still . Translation of period at Merriam-Webster's Spanish-English Dictionary.
Audio pronunciations, verb conjugations, quizzes and more. Spanish Period () The process of Spanish settlement of the Santa Clara Valley began in with the initial exploration by Sergeant Jose Ortega of the Portola Expedition.
The history of the Philippines from to , also known as the Spanish colonial period, a period that spans during the Captaincy General of the Philippines located in the collection of Islands in Southeast Asia that was colonized by Spain known as 'Las Islas Filipinas', under New Spain until Mexican independence which gave Madrid direct control over the area.
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