Ethical Foundations Political philosophy has its beginnings in ethics: Since people are by nature sociable — there being few proper anchorites who turn from society to live alone — the question follows as to what kind of life is proper for a person amongst people. The philosophical discourses concerning politics thus develop, broaden and flow from their ethical underpinnings. To take a few examples:
After the end of World War I, many Americans were left with a feeling of distrust toward foreigners and radicals, whom they held responsible for the war. This preference has traditionally rested on an organic conception of society—that is, on the belief that society is not merely a loose collection of individuals but a living organism comprising closely connected, interdependent members.
Conservatives thus favour institutions and practices that have evolved gradually and are manifestations of continuity and stability.
This suspicion of government activism distinguishes conservatism not only from radical forms of political thought but also from liberalismwhich is a modernizing, antitraditionalist movement dedicated to correcting the evils and abuses resulting from the misuse of social and political power.
It was not until the late 18th century, in reaction to the upheavals of the French Revolutionthat conservatism began to develop as a distinct political attitude and movement.
For Burke and other pro-parliamentarian conservatives, the violent, untraditional, and uprooting methods of the revolution outweighed and corrupted its liberating ideals.
The general revulsion against the violent course of the revolution provided conservatives with an opportunity to restore pre-Revolutionary traditions, and several brands of conservative philosophy soon developed.
This article discusses the intellectual roots and political history of conservatism from the 18th century to the present.
For coverage of conservative ideas in the history of political philosophy, see political philosophy. Page 1 of Karl Popper: Political Philosophy. Among philosophers, Karl Popper () is best known for his contributions to the philosophy of science and epistemology.
This article discusses the intellectual roots and political history of conservatism from the 18th century to the present. For coverage of conservative ideas in the history of .
Liberalism—both as a political current and an intellectual tradition—is mostly a modern phenomenon that started in the 17th century, although some liberal philosophical ideas had precursors in classical antiquity and in Imperial China.
Political Philosophy: Methodology. Political philosophy begins with the question: what ought to be a person's relationship to society? The subject seeks the application of ethical concepts to the social sphere and thus deals with the variety of forms of government and social existence that people could live in – and in so doing, it also provides a standard .
Political philosophy: Political philosophy, branch of philosophy that is concerned, at the most abstract level, with the concepts and arguments involved in political opinion. The meaning of the term political is itself one of the major problems of political philosophy.
Broadly, however, one may characterize as political. Ideas can foster change, provoke revolution, and change lives, as the political and economic ideologies developed during the 19th century have done for the past years.