Location The term Ancient Rome refers to the city of Rome, which was located in central Italy; and also to the empire it came to rule, which covered the entire Mediterranean basin and much of western Europe. The most famous of these was that of the Ancient Greeksbut others included those of the Phoenicians, the Carthaginians and the Etruscansplus several lesser-known peoples such as the Lycians. The civilization of Ancient Rome was rooted, directly or indirectly, in all these earlier culture. In its early centuries Rome was particularly influenced by the powerful Etruscan civilization to its north, from which it acquired many aspects of its culture.
Creation of law, development of democratic government practices, influences in language, literature, art, infrastructure, and city-planning are all areas where the influences of Roman ideas can be seen. Additionally, Roman influences have had considerable importance in the spread of Christianity.
One important area of influence was Roman law. The first law code in Roman history was the Law of the Twelve Tables, the precursor to the development of Roman law. Roman law developed the division between public law, in which the state is directly involved, such as with issues of treason and taxation, and private law, concerned with disputes between people, such as over contracts.
This system was the basis for what is now known in the West as Civil law. Roman law also influenced the development of private international law. Many defense techniques currently employed can also be traced back to Roman procedures. Also, the purpose of written law as a way to protect individuals from one another and from the power of the state is an inherently Roman idea.
The Roman process of making laws has also had a deep influence on modern democratic political systems.
During the era of the Roman Republic to 49 BClawmaking was a bicameral activity. Legislation was first passed by the comitia, or the assembly of the citizens.
It was then approved by the representatives of the upper class, or the senate, and issued in the name of the senate and the people of Rome. Many countries, including the United Stateshave since then used the republican Rome as a model for their own governments, requiring that all laws go through two legislative bodies.
It is a pattern continued in almost every democratic constitution. Rome was responsible for the spread of the Latin Language, which has formed the basis for Western languages, such as English.
In fact, educators in our society teach Latin as a way of helping students better understand the English language. Latin roots form the foundation of a good majority of common words. Literature is another area where Roman influence is notable. Roman authors followed the famous Greek authors, often developing and building upon Greek writing.
In particular, use of pictures of Emperors on coins and sculptures was an inherently Roman idea.
Roman influences in modern society can also be seen in infrastructure systems. Roman roads used three levels of substructure beneath the paving stones, and a prescribed angle for the uplift of the center of the road, allowing rainwater to drain off.
They used numbered signposts every Roman mile, which indicated such things as the distance to the next town and which construction battalion had built the road. They also had extensive networks of underground lead pipe, supplying clean water. They utilized the concepts of parks, public libraries, and plazas.
Elements of modern city planning can be traced to Roman concepts. The Romans engaged in extensive city-building activities as they consolidated their empire. Roman military and colonial towns were laid out in a variation of highly planned grid. Developments in the architecture of fortification, relating to compact space and fast maneuverability, and the discovery of perspective, focusing the description on the eye of the viewer, led to radial focus in city plans and the development of ideal town plans.
Many European cities, like London and Parissprang from these Roman origins. Roman theaters have also had a considerable influence on the development of theaters in modern society. Another significant area of Roman influence is in religion.
The Roman Empire contributed to the spread of Christianity. In particular, it played a role estrangement between what would become Eastern and Western Christians, known today as Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholics. When the Bishop of Rome took power after Constantinople now Istanbul became the capital of the empire, ideological differences became manifest between the East and West.
Eastern Christians looked more readily to Constantinopleits Emperor and its bishop. Meanwhile, Western Europeans tended to look to the missionaries sent by Rome and to the Holy Father of Rome for faith and guidance. Liturgical life in both these churches were influenced by the Roman Empirethough in different ways.
In the East, court rituals were conducted lavishly, whereas in the West, services tended to be more simple and sober. The legacy of Rome has clearly left lasting impacts on numerous aspects of modern society. Many things in everyday life can be traced to Roman origins, such as components of language, architecture, art, and Western government.Classical Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean region and Europe, for which reason Classical Greece is generally considered to be the seminal culture which provided the foundation of Western civilization.
SS Chapter STUDY. PLAY. When did the Roman civilization exist? B.C.E. to about BC.E. Where is Rome located? Rome is located in Italy, which includes a peninsula and islands in southern Europe. When was the Greek influence on Roman culture indirect?
Transcript of Roman Influence on Western Civilization Created by: Krista Poker, Rachael Renner, Jayna St. Clair Rome's Influence on Western Civilization Greco-Roman Civilization: At a Glance Generally known as Classical civilization, this is a mix of Greek, Hellenistic and Roman culture.
Greek civilization had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire. Indeed, some modern scholars see the Roman era as a continuation of the same civilization, which they label “Graeco-Roman”. The geographical coverage of Ancient Greek civilization changed markedly during its history.
Its origins were in the land of Greece and the islands. The Influence of The Roman Empire Many aspects of today's society have been affected by ancient Rome. Creation of law, development of democratic government practices, influences in language, literature, art, infrastructure, and city-planning are all areas where the influences of Roman ideas can be seen.
Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization Essay; Greek And Roman Influence On Western Civilization Essay. these were twelve major gods called, “The Olympians.” Greek and Roman Influence in Psychology Virtually every branch of knowledge, as we know it today, came from particularly two powerful empires of the ancient past.