In the early 21st century, new research has found that half the teachers were southern whites; one-third were blacks mostly southernand one-sixth were northern whites. The salary was the strongest motivation except for the northerners, who were typically funded by northern organizations and had a humanitarian motivation. As a group, the black cohort showed the greatest commitment to racial equality; and they were the ones most likely to remain teachers.
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As the Civil War drew to a close, President Lincoln and members of Congress debated how to reunite the nation, reconstruct Southern society, and help formerly enslaved individuals make the transition to freedom and citizenship. The Bureau was responsible for providing assistance to four million formerly enslaved individuals and hundreds of thousands of impoverished Southern whites.
The Bureau set up offices in major cities in the 15 Southern and border states and the District of Columbia. The Bureau provided food, clothing, medical care, and legal representation; promoted education; helped legalize marriages; and assisted African American soldiers and sailors in securing back pay, enlistment bounties and pensions.
In addition, the Bureau promoted a system of labor contracts to replace the slavery system and tried to settle freedmen and women on abandoned or confiscated land.
The Bureau was also responsible for protecting freedmen and women from intimidation and assaults by Southern whites. By most accounts, the Bureau was only partially successful. Congress did not provide sufficient funds or staff for the Bureau to be truly effective.
The Bureau only operated from to It generally failed to protect the freedmen or their political and civil rights from white Southerners intent on re-establishing their local power. Administered by the War Department, the Bureau followed the record-keeping system inspired by the war effort and the expansion of the Federal Government it required.
Those hundreds of thousands of documents provide an unexcelled view into the lives of the newly freed slaves. Family historians, genealogists, students and scholars around the world will have easy online access to these records. In addition, these transcribed records will be word searchable, vastly reducing the effort required to find a person or topic.
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Anyone who has tried to read 19th century handwritten letters knows just how frustrating and time-consuming this can be. Providing typewritten versions of the original documents will make it more likely that more people will use these records.
These researchers will vastly increase our understanding of the post-Civil War era and our knowledge of family life, especially African American family life. This information is particularly useful for African American family historians who cannot rely on their ancestors appearing in the pre United State census or many other official records.
Once transcribed, those records will be word searchable. This will allow anyone to search for a name, a place, a topic and to read the full document and connect it to other related documents. Where are the original documents located?
What if I want to see the original document? The original documents are not accessible to individuals but researchers can view microfilm copies of the records at many of the Federal Record Centers.The Demystification of the Freedmen's Bureau Essay Words | 6 Pages.
The role of the Freedmen Bureau in African-American development during the Reconstruction era has been a polarizing topic since the Bureau’s inception. Freedmen’s Bureau Act of The Freedmen’s Bureau was a government agency enacted March 3, The purpose of this organization was to aid and protect the newly freed slaves in .
The Freedmen's Bureau Papers Overview The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, often referred to as the Freedmen's Bureau, was established on March 3, The duties of the Freedmen's Bureau included supervision of all affairs relating to refugees, freedmen, and the custody of abandoned lands and property.
Essay on The Demystification of the Freedmen's Bureau - The role of the Freedmen Bureau in African-American development during the Reconstruction era has been a polarizing topic since the Bureau’s inception.
While most concur that the Bureau was well intended, some scholars, believe that the Freedmen’s Bureau was detrimental to African-American development. In there were 46 established hospitals by the Bureau and was staffed with physicians, surgeons, and nurses, under the medical department the Bureau spent over two million dollars to improve.
However the greatest success of the Freedmen’s Bureau in assisting the freed people was in education. - The role of the Freedmen Bureau in African-American development during the Reconstruction era has been a polarizing topic since the Bureau’s inception.
While most concur that the Bureau was well intended, some scholars, believe that the Freedmen’s Bureau .