After the events of Oedipus Rex, Oedipus abdicates the throne of Thebes, and his sons agree to share the kingship, each taking command on alternating years. Eteocles refuses to give up the throne once he has control of it, however, and the city is plunged
Divine Law The play opens with the debate between the sisters Antigone and Ismene about which law comes first—the religious duty of citizens, or the civil duty?
Antigone invites Ismene to join her in burying their brother Polyneices, though the king has forbidden burial on pain of death. Antigone denies that Creon has authority in the matter of burial, a sacred duty she feels bound to fulfill. Creon, on the other hand, believes the state is supreme. He says to the city counselors: Furthermore, since he represents the city-state of Thebes as its king, his will is sovereign.
They point out here that the two laws are in conflict—civil and religious. Tragedy is bound to occur when these two vital laws are set against one another, for both sacred law and civil law are necessary for the welfare of the people.
The gods also weigh in through omens, and the prophesy of the seer, Teiresias. He proves by example the will of the gods overrides human law. An early choral ode praises the wonders of human accomplishment: On the other hand, humans seem limited by their mortality and their fate, or predetermined destiny.
Someone like Oedipus, born with a certain prophesied fate, is not able to circumvent it by any means. Creon, however, seems to suffer through his own choices and stubbornness.
Creon feels confident that through his will, he can make laws for the city of Thebes, and at first he sticks by his decision to punish Antigone.
Together the fates were called the Moirae, the ones who apportioned human destiny. In early Greek literature, Fate was all-powerful, even more powerful than the gods, for even Zeus did not know when his reign would end.
Sophocles and the later philosophers like Plato, however, tried to balance the picture by glorifying human reason as an echo of the reasoning intelligence behind cosmic law.
Humans could thus modify their own destiny if they were wise. For this world came into being from a mixture of Necessity and Intelligence. Intelligence controlled Necessity by persuading it for the most part to bring about the best result, and it was by this subordination of Necessity to Reasonable persuasion that the universe was originally constituted as it is.
Fate still is powerful in this view, but more so where humans are arrogant and blind. The purpose of tragedy then is to show how humans bring fate down on themselves. There is usually more than one choice available, and the tragic hero makes the wrong choice, as in the case of Creon.
Antigone, however, is entangled in a legacy of fate that plagues everyone in the family of Oedipus. Her destiny seems more set and less her fault, though she does brings it down on herself by rebelling against Creon.Let's take a look at the conflicts in the play Antigone by Sophocles, Overarching Conflicts in Antigone.
he is also stuck in the middle of . On the surface, the conflict between Antigone and Creon appears to be that of protagonist versus antagonist, but there is more to this literary.
The conflict between familial loyalty and civil obedience is resolved when each of the characters ultimately chooses family over obedience to Creon. Haemon chooses Antigone when he tries to stab his father and then take his own life. Whom to obey is the conflict between Antigone and Creon in "Antigone" by Sophocles ( B.C.E.
- B.C.E.). Specifically, Theban Princess Antigone believes that the gods rule in life and death. Analyzing Antigone and Creon - Sophocles play titled Antigone, embellishes the opposing conflicts between Antigone who stands for the values of family, and Creon who stands for the values of state.
Antigone: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.