Social Chauvinism Aggressive or fanatical patriotism, particularly during time of war, in support of one's own nation versus other nation s.
In this paper I plan to prove that even though Stalin made improvements in the Russian industrial system, his rule did not benefit Russian society and the Russian people. In order to accomplish this, several questions must be asked.
What changes did Stalin make in society? Joseph Vissarionovich Djugashvili was born on December 21,on the southern slopes of the Caucasus mountains, in the town of Gori. His mother, Ekaterina was the daughter of a peasant who married at fifteen and who lost her first three children at birth. Vissarion, his father, was a self-employed shoemaker who had a violent temper Marrin Young Djugashvili was small and wiry and had a deeply pitted face from a small pox attack that nearly killed him.
The arm would stiffen at the elbow joint and wither, making it lame and useless for the rest of his life Lewis 8; Marrin 8. He was dedicated to only one person, his mother, and her only ambition Term paper on joseph stalin for her son to become a priest and to bless her with his own hands.
But, this dream was crushed when Joseph was expelled from Tiflis Theological Seminary for reading "forbidden books" such as Marx and Lenin Lewis 8; Marrin After his expulsion from Tiflis school, Joseph became a revolutionary. He organized strikes and demonstrations at factories and also found ways to gather money for Lenin and the Bolshevik party.
He was banished to Siberia six times between the years and Each time, he escaped easily, except the last, when he was released because of the February revolution Lewis 19; Marrin After the death of his first wife, Ekaterina Svanidze, Joseph became more cold and tough.
He gave the child that his wife bore him to her parents and even chose a new name for himself, Stalin, the Man of Steel Marrin Then came the October Revolution and the rise of Lenin and the Bolsheviks. Stalin expelled Trotsky and suppressed his radical followers.
Then he turned against his own allies, the moderates.
Stalin at last had gained complete control McKay Russia had not yet had their industrial revolution and were far behind the other powers of the world. Even Stalin said," We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years.
Either we do it, or we shall be crushed. Total industrial output increased two hundred and fifty percent, steel production increased three hundred percent, production of large- scale industry showed an increase of one hundred and eighteen percent, production of machinery and electrical equipment increased one hundred and fifty-seven percent, heavy metal increased sixty-seven percent, coal output increased eighty-nine percent, and consumer goods increased about seventy-three percent Dmytryshyn ; McKay ; Treadgold To overcome the lacking of iron and steel, the Second Plan ordered construction of forty-five new blast furnaces, one hundred and sixty-four open-hearth furnaces, and one hundred and seven rolling mills.
Other goals of the second plan were an expansion of machine tool production, the development and production of non-ferrous metals, and the improvement and double-tracking of the main railroad lines Dmytryshyn The results of the Second Five Year Plan were that some items reached their estimated targets while others lagged behind.
It possessed increased capability to produce iron, steel, coal, and electric power. It also had a whole new range of new industries, including aviation, tractor, locomotive, chemical, aluminum, nickel, and tin.
The Soviet Union now had a well-established industrial base capable of further expansion and growth Dmytryshyn Although rapid industrialization helped improve Russia, it hurt the workers. The amount of work that had to be put in was also hard on the workers. The workers had to work longer under Stalin than when they were ruled by the tsars.
Once the industrial Five Year Plans started to roll, Stalin decided to make some agricultural changes to support the industrialization. In April,Stalin presented the draft of a new land law.
One was the rapid and forcible collectivization of the peasants in order to industrialize the country quickly. The other was the liquidation of the kulaks as a class. Kulaks were classified as, "Those peasants who were either industrious, or more prosperous than their neighbors, or simply those who were not enthusiastic about the policies of the communist party.
Collectivization was the forcible consolidation of individual peasant farms into large, state-controlled enterprises. It was suppose to help Russian agriculture and support the quickly industrializing country McKay ; Dmytryshyn Soviet writer, Lyudmila Saraskina believed that, "Collectivization was a bloody, terrible, and monstrous means of the seizure of absolute power, because the free peasant and master of the land, the farmer, constituted one of the main obstacles on the path to the absolute feudal power that Stalin really wanted.
The kulaks were the well off peasants that opposed collectivization any way they could. The way Stalin dealt with them was to first turn the bedniaks or poor peasants against them offering the bedniaks the kulaks castles and machinery. Then, Stalin had the rest of the kulaks either killed or exiled to the northern or eastern regions of the country.Charisma leader-Joseph Stalin charismatic leader is a person that has the power to induce the people to follow him.
They seem to be endowed with a special charm that will gain the trust and admiration of . Social Chauvinism. Aggressive or fanatical patriotism, particularly during time of war, in support of one's own nation versus other nation(s). During WWI, nearly every political party took a social-chauvinist stand; with few exceptions.
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Stalin was a brutal and callous dictator; however, he did only what was necessary and nothing more, to achieve all. The Spirit of the Times: Progress and Industrialization During Stalin’s Five-Year Plans - In the USSR, during the first of Joseph Stalin’s five-year plans, it was a cutthroat, hard working place in time.
The Holodomor (Ukrainian: Голодомо́р); (derived from морити голодом, "to kill by starvation") was a man-made famine in Soviet Ukraine in and that killed millions of Ukrainians.
It is also known as the Terror-Famine and Famine-Genocide in Ukraine, and sometimes referred to as the Great Famine or The Ukrainian Genocide of – As pohnpei remarks, Stalin had a personal goal to gain as much power as he could for himself at the apex of society in the Soviet Union, and to maintain that power.
He was ruthless in dealing with.