This has given rise to the industrialization of This has given rise to the industrialization of a type of crime where the commodity—personal information—moves far too quickly for conventional law enforcement methods to keep pace. Cyber criminal tools pose a direct threat to security and play an increasingly important role in facilitating most forms of organised crime and terrorism.
OzGrav, Swinburne University of Technology One of the most baffling puzzles of modern astrophysics is the nature of Fast Radio Bursts, which were discovered in These are seemingly rareextremely bright flashes of light with radio wavelengths.
They last only milliseconds ; originate outside our galaxy, the Milky Way; come from regions with enormously strong magnetic fields ; and pass through a significant amount of gas or dust before reaching Earth. All of these facts may make it sound as though scientists know a lot about Fast Radio Bursts.
In reality, we don't. For instance, though we know they're not from our galaxy, we don't know where exactly Proposed solutions for working together come from.
We don't know what causes them. And we're not sure whether they might be useful as cosmological standards to measure the large scale properties of our universe.
Dozens of theories about Fast Radio Bursts have been proposed. Some conform to standard physics. Others are more exotic, including cosmic strings — hypothetical, one-dimensional structures formed in the early universe — or even rather bizarre: Now, in an attempt to discover the truth about Fast Radio Bursts, we have created a catalogue that lists each theoryalong with its pros and cons.
Scientists from around the world can weigh in, and new data and discoveries will be added throughout the process. This platform will produce a great deal of knowledge. It will also provide valuable insight into scientific sociology as international researchers work together and ultimately, we hope, identify the most acceptable model.
A range of theories Perhaps precisely because they are so elusive, Fast Radio Bursts have received a lot of attention from astronomers, astrophysicists, cosmologists, and physicists in the years since their discovery.
These are the main theories that have emerged so far. Fast Radio Bursts involve types of neutron starssuch as pulsars which rotate rapidly or magnetars which are highly magnetised. These are probably the most plausible theories, since neutron stars' intrinsic and extremely large magnetic fields can naturally fulfil the energy requirements for Fast Radio Bursts.
The merging of astronomical bodies such as black holes, neutron stars and white dwarfsand their collapse, has been proposed as a possible origin for Fast Radio Bursts. In such processes, enormous amounts of energy are released over short timescales.
This could possibly create radiation akin to Fast Radio Bursts. They involve hypothetical objects such as quark stars quarks are the subatomic particles that constitute neutrons and protonsaxion stars axions are extremely light, hypothetical subatomic particlesand dark matter: Another fairly improbable theory is that Fast Radio Bursts are lightning striking on pulsars.
And then there's the suggestion that Fast Radio Bursts are evidence of aliens. It's certainly the most unusual of the proposed theories, but it cannot be ruled out as a possibility yet.
Although it's unlikely, Fast Radio Bursts may be signals from a beacon set up by an extraterrestrial civilisation, or perhaps from light sails that harness photons to travel across the galaxy.
There's a remarkable variation in these models, and it's hard work to narrow down the options and reach consensus. Of the 50 theories or models proposed to date, only three have been eliminated.
This is what prompted us to set up the catalogue and to invite engagement from the broader scientific community. Platform for debate It's no easy task to get scientists talking to each other about Fast Radio Bursts. That's because the scientists in question have different specialisations and are from all over the world.
The online catalogue provides a suitable and accessible platform for discussion, debate, and the sharing of knowledge. There is also a traceable history, which creates an opportunity for us to study how as humans we work together to solve scientific problems — and perhaps how this process can be optimised in the future.
Part of our motivation, as theoretical physicists, was to develop this engagement and to dive in ourselves. The problems are rich and the waters are deep. As it arrives, is examined and papers are published, we'll be able to start ruling out theories and digging deeper into viable theories.
Within five years, this mystery could be solved.Difficulty can always be found when a group is attempting to work together due to variances in personality traits.
The key to working together as a group is to understand the differences and similarities that each group member possesses in order to reach the wanted outcome of the group. Surovell: Working together for statewide solutions on transportation Scott Surovell Surovell is a state senator who represents parts of Fairfax and Prince William and Stafford counties.
He is a. WRITING A SUCCESSFUL PROPOSAL. Summary. At the beginning of your proposal, or on a cover sheet, write a two- or three-sentence More shelter beds is a solution.
Work Plan/Specific Activities Explain what your organization plans to do about the problem. What are your overall. Seven proposed solutions for the EU refugee crisis is working on plans to redistribute , refugees who arrive in Italy, Greece and Hungary, forcing countries to take in migrants, even if.
SEEKING SOLUTIONS. WORKING TOGETHER. WHO WE ARE OUR MISSION NEPOOL IS THE STAKEHOLDER VOTING ORGANIZATION ON ALL MATTERS RELATING TO THE COMPETITIVE WHOLESALE file NEPOOL’s own proposed changes, where they differ from ISO-NE’s.
Proposed changes, however. Proposal - Dealing with Cyber crime – Challenges and Solutions The Challenge In the past decade, advances in communications technologies and the “informatization” of society have converged as never before in human history.