Social and PoliticalEthics Word Count: In many countries, people are denied rights to free speech, to participate in political life, or to pursue a career, because of their gender, religion, race or other factors, while their fellow citizens enjoy these rights.
It might seem at first sight that the concepts of justice and fairness are the same, and that there is no reason to distinguish them, or to say that one is more fundamental than the other. I think this impression is mistaken.
In this paper I wish to show that the fundamental idea in the concept of justice is fairness; and I wish to offer an analysis of the concept of justice from this point of view.
To bring out the force of this claim, and the analysis based upon it, I shall then argue that it is this aspect of justice for which utilitarianism, in its classical form, is unable to account, but which is expressed, even if misleadingly, by the idea of the social contract.
To start with I shall develop a particular conception of justice by stating and commenting upon two principles which specify it, and by considering the circumstances and conditions under which they may be thought to arise. The principles defining this conception, and the conception itself, are, of course, familiar.
It may be possible, however, by using the notion of fairness as a framework, to assemble and to look at them in a new way.
Before stating this conception, however, the following preliminary matters should be kept in mind. Throughout I consider justice only as a virtue of social institutions, or what I shall call practices.
Justice as a virtue of particular actions or of 1 An abbreviated version of this paper less than one-half the length was presented in a symposium with the same title at the American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division, December 28,and appeared in the Journal of Philosophy, LIV, Extracts from this document Introduction.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LAW & JUSTICE: A PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE I INTRODUCTION A significant theme that has occupied the terrain of legal theory is the relationship between law and justice,1 specifically the tension between formal legal processes and 'rules of law' and the .
Is Restorative Justice More Appropriate in Dealing With Young Offenders Than Conventional Criminal Justice? - This essay aims to make clear the system of restorative justice and its aims towards youth offending, whilst arguing points for and against the current system and whether or not it is more appropriate in terms of dealing with youth offending.
It will also define restorative justice . John Rawls on Justice Essay Words | 6 Pages. John Rawls was a man who played an influential role in shaping political thought in the late 20th century. John Rawls (—) John Rawls was arguably the most important political philosopher of the twentieth century.
He wrote a series of highly influential articles in the s and ’60s that helped refocus Anglo-American moral and political philosophy on substantive problems about what we ought to do. Michael Sandel's Justice website is a superb example of how academics can use the Internet to reach out to a world audience.
Based on his renowned Harvard lecture course, it combines slick recordings of his 12 lectures (first 3 available. "Justice as Fairness: Political not Metaphysical" is an essay by John Rawls, published in In it he describes his conception of justice.
It comprises two main principles of liberty and equality ; the second is subdivided into Fair Equality of Opportunity and the Difference Principle.