As a result of the pressure applied by the apartheid government on Mozambique, he was forced to leave Mozambique in January Museveni chairs the Great Lakes Regional Initiative, a grouping of regional presidents overseeing the peace process in Burundi, where several armed Hutu groups took up arms in against a government and army dominated by the Tutsi minority that they claimed had assassinated the first president elected from the Hutu majority.
The linguist Anvita Abbi, who knew Boa Senior for many years, said: She was often very lonely and had to learn an Andamanese version of Hindi in order to Jacob zuma essay with people. Aka-Bo, like many other extinct Jacob zuma essay, did not make a difference to the lives of the vast majority of people.
Yet the sense that we lose something valuable when languages die is familiar. Just as familiar, though, is the view that preserving minority languages is a waste of time and resources. I want to attempt to make sense of these conflicting attitudes.
The simplest definition of a minority language is one that is spoken by less than half of some country or region.
Usually, when we talk of minority languages, we mean languages that are minority languages even in the country in which they are most widely spoken. That will be our focus here. The sorrow we feel about the death of a language is complicated.
It also marked the loss of the culture of which she was once part; a culture that was of great interest to linguists and anthropologists, and whose extinction resulted from oppression and violence.
All these things — the oppression until death of a once thriving culture, loneliness, and losing loved ones — are bad, regardless of whether they involve language death. Part of our sadness when a language dies, then, has nothing to do with the language itself. Thriving majority languages do not come with tragic stories, and so they do not arouse our emotions in the same ways.
Unsurprisingly, concern for minority languages is often dismissed as sentimental. Researchers on language policy have observed that majority languages tend to be valued for being useful and for facilitating progress, while minority languages are seen as barriers to progress, and the value placed on them is seen as mainly sentimental.
Sentimentality, we tend to think, is an exaggerated emotional attachment to something. It is exaggerated because it does not reflect the value of its object. If the value of minority languages is mainly sentimental, it is comparable to the value that Cohen placed on his old eraser.
It would be cruel to destroy it deliberately, yet it would be unreasonable for him to expect society to invest significant resources preserving it. The same might be true of minority languages: There are a couple of responses to this.
First, the value of minority languages is not purely sentimental. Languages are scientifically interesting. There are whole fields of study devoted to them — to charting their history, relationships to other languages, relationships to the cultures in which they exist, and so on.
Understanding languages even helps us to understand the way we think. Some believe that the language we speak influences the thoughts we have, or even that language is what makes thought possible. The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is certainly linked to a variety of dubious myths and legends, such as the pervasive but false belief that Eskimos have a mind-bogglingly large number of words for snow.
But its core idea is not as wrong-headed as Pinker believes. While there is little evidence that thought would not be possible at all without language, there is plenty of evidence that language influences the way we think and experience the world. For example, depending on which language they are using, fluent German-English bilinguals categorise motion differently, Spanish-Swedish bilinguals represent the passage of time differently, and Dutch-Farsi bilinguals perceive musical pitch differently.Jacob Zuma is the head of the ANC and the President of South Africa.
Learn more at alphabetnyc.com Jacob Zuma was elected to be Execute Deputy President of South Africa in But it was not easy for him to get this position. His father died at the end of World War 2.
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Born in Nkandla, South Africa, on April 12, , Jacob Zuma joined the African National Congress (ANC) in After serving time in prison for his involvement with a militant . Log into Facebook to start sharing and connecting with your friends, family, and people you know.
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