Osteoarthritis Bone Anatomy and Pathology of the Femur Thigh The two femurs are the largest, longest, and strongest bones in the body. Superiorly, the femoral head articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis to form the hip joint. This is a multiaxial joint, and includes the motions of flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, and medial and lateral rotation.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Abstract Intracranial hypertension is a syndrome of elevated intracranial pressure that can be primary or secondary. The primary form, now termed idiopathic intracranial hypertension IIHwas in the past a disease of exclusion and imaging played a limited role of excluding organic causes of raised intracranial pressure.
However imaging markers have been described with patients with IIH at the orbit, sella and cerebral venous system. We wish to reiterate the characteristic imaging features of this poorly understood disease and also emphasise that stenting of the transverse sinus in select cases of IIH is an efficacious option.
Cerebrospinal fluid, Cranial venous outflow obstruction, Idiopathic intracranial hypertension, Intracranial pressure, MR venography, Optic nerve sheath, Optic nerve sheath diameter, Pseudotumor cerebri, Short tau inversion recovery, Superior sagittal sinus, Transverse sinuses, Transverse sinus stenosis TSS Introduction Intracranial hypertension is a syndrome of elevated intracranial pressure that can be primary or secondary.
The primary form is characterized by normal CSF composition and no other identifiable cause. It is termed Idiopathic intracranial hypertension IIH and has now replaced the older entities pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension.
Transverse sinus stenosis is now an important treatable entity in select cases of IIH. Terminology To understand IIH as an entity, few terminology and issues have evolved and are summarised in Table 1. Among the visual disturbances, the most described is papilledema which may be bilateral, asymmetrical, or even unilateral; IIH can however occur in the absence of papilledema.
They include weight reduction, acetazolamide, surgical procedures like CSF shunt insertion, optic nerve sheath fenestration or subtemporal decompression. There exists a wide variety of conditions and medications which mimic IIH, as well as diseases involving the venous sinuses either primarily or secondarily.
It includes neurological symptoms and signs often non-specific and measurement of intracranial or lumbar CSF pressure invasive procedure.CardioVascular and Interventional Radiology (CVIR) as well as review articles, pictorial essays, editorials, and special invited submissions in the field of vascular and interventional radiology.
Beside the communication of the latest research results in this field, it is also the aim of CVIR to support continuous medical education. Invasive peritoneal disease includes more than just peritoneal carcinomatosis.
Although this is the most common aetiology, especially when a primary is found, other . This pictorial essay reviews briefly the terminology and criteria, while illustratively describing the imaging and interventional findings in patients with IIH.
Imaging is an integral part of the modified and revised Dandy criteria to diagnose IIH, with imaging markers well established in literature now. Interventional Radiology; Leadership & Management; Magnetic Resonance Imaging; Pictorial Essay of CT and Cholangiographic Findings.
EDUCATION EXHIBIT Free Access. Cholangiocarcinoma: Pictorial Essay of CT and Cholangiographic Findings.
Joon Koo Han, Byung Ihn Choi, Ah Young Kim, Su Kyung An. In this pictorial essay, after a brief description of current principles for liver resection, therapeutic intervention as well as liver transplantation, we report some common and unusual post interventional MDCT findings and complications.
Technology In Action, Introductory - United States Edition, Alan Evans, Mary Anne Poatsy, Kendall Martin A Survey of Worcestershire by Thomas Habington V2 (), Thomas Habington, John Amphlett Four Freedoms Trimmers, School Specialty Publishing, Carson Dellosa Publishing.