Individual difference

It is stand for those differences which in their totality distinguish one individual from another. So, we can say that individual differences is the differences among humans that distinguish or separate them from one another and makes one as a single unique individual. So in educational field differences in interest means you observe some students like a particular subject, teacherhobby or profession than other.

Individual difference

For one, it underscores for me how important it is to appreciate the fact that each of us approaches the world in our own way — to a large extent, that Individual difference what personality psychology is all about.

Based on decades of extensive, multi-faceted research, personality psychologists have come to identify the core trait dimensions that importantly define who we are. Following is, from my perspective as a scholar in this field, a brief summary of nine trait dimensions that powerfully predict human behavior across the lifespan.

Each of these trait dimensions is, in fact, just that — a dimension with extreme scores on either end. The Big Five Personality Trait Dimensions Based on a broad array of studies across nearly a century, personality psychologists have come to find that nearly all personality traits map onto one of the following five dimensions.

The Big Five are as follows: People who are extreme extroverts have no problem standing up on stage and speaking, while those who are extreme introverts would rather be caught dead. And, as with Individual difference of the dimensions described here, most of us are somewhere in the middle.

Someone who is very emotionally stable is cool as a cucumber.

Individual difference

Someone who is highly neurotic might freak out when a siren is heard in the neighborhood, while someone low in neuroticism might not even notice it.

Someone who is very agreeable tends to get along with just about anyone, while someone who is highly disagreeable just argues and argues. Someone low in conscientiousness is always late, rarely makes deadlines, and does not keep his or her physical space in a fully organized manner.

Someone high in openness is open to new ideas, new people, and new ways of doing things. Someone low in this dimension is likely closed-minded and does not want to hear new ideas. The Dimensions of the Dark Triad While the Big Five are often described as all-encompassing, a good deal of recent research see, for example, Jonason et al.

“The psychology of individual differences is largely the study of group differences. This study classifies individuals by age, traits, sex, race, social class and so on, and observes the differences within and between those groups. Individual differences in people spark creativity and impact the way people lead and interact with others both in and out of work. That spark is central to our work in building individual. Cultivating Leaders Who Make a Difference in the Work + Work Life of People, Teams, and Organizations Individual differences spark creativity and impact the way we lead and interact with others both in and out of work.

These three dimensions, which often are found to be predictive of one another i. Someone who is high in narcissism spends a disproportionate amount of time thinking about himself or herself — as the center of pretty much everything. Someone low in this dimension does not have a strong focus on self and does not see himself or herself as the focus of any particular situation.

Someone high in narcissism might post 18 selfies a day online, while someone low on this dimension might never have put their phone into selfie mode. Someone high in psychopathy does not feel for others or care much about their welfare, while someone who is low in this trait cares for others genuinely and feels a great deal for them.

People high in Machiavellianism will only do the right thing by others to the extent that doing the right thing is beneficial for themselves.

Early study of individual differences

A boss who is high in Machiavellianism might give special favors to an employee who provides him or her with inside information on others in the workplace. A boss who is low in this dimension would make sure to treat all employees equally, regardless of just about any factor.

The Life History Dimension A final foundational trait dimension in modern personality psychology is that of life history strategy see Figueredo et al. Someone who seems to anticipate a stable environment i.

Introduction to individual differences - An undergraduate psychology course

Someone with a slow life history strategy might wait to get married until the end of graduate school — and only then start thinking about having kids. Variability in personality traits is one of the core ways that human uniqueness is expressed.

While many important traits characterize who we are, the nine described here comprise foundational dimensions that have been shown to powerfully predict human behavior. Want to understand who someone is? You might be wise to think about where that person resides on these basic trait dimensions.

Individual difference

References FigueredoA. Ecological constraints on mating tactics. The "Big Five" factor taxonomy: Dimensions of personality in the natural language and in questionnaires. Theory and research pp. What lies beneath the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen: Varied relations with the Big Five. Individual Differences Research, 11, Learn individual differences table with free interactive flashcards.

Choose from different sets of individual differences table flashcards on Quizlet. Personality and Individual Differences is primarily devoted to the publication of articles (experimental, correlational, theoretical, expository/review) which enhance our understanding of the structure of personality and other forms of individual differences, the processes which cause these individual differences to emerge, and their practical.

Introduction to individual differences - An undergraduate psychology course

Personality and Individual Differences is primarily devoted to the publication of articles (experimental, correlational, theoretical. Difference in self concept is the totality of attitudes, judgment, and values of an individual relating to his behavior, abilities, and qualities.

So some students have positive self concept than boost their confidence level and perform better against those who have negative self image. “The psychology of individual differences is largely the study of group differences.

This study classifies individuals by age, traits, sex, race, social class and so on, and observes the differences within and between those groups. Educational implications of Individual differences are listed below: i. Aims of education, curriculum, method of teaching should be linked with individual differences considering the different abilities and traits individual.

Individual Differences: Meaning and Causes | Educational Psychology