William Bradford Puritanism Puritan Ethic Mayflower Compact American History Pilgrims Dissatisfied with the results of the reformation of the Church of England, a group of extreme separatists known as the Puritans desired nothing less than the total elimination of any trace of Roman Catholicism in their church. This devotion to their religious practices and beliefs, along with escalated repression by the English government and church, ultimately led to the Puritans emigration to Holland and subsequently to the new world, where they established a colony in New England Bowden.
Calvinism Puritanism broadly refers to a diverse religious reform movement in Britain committed to the continental Reformed tradition. They believed that all of their beliefs should be based on the Biblewhich they considered to be divinely inspired. After the fall of manhuman nature was corrupted by original sin and unable to fulfill the covenant of works, since each person inevitably violated God's law as expressed in the Ten Commandments.
As sinners, every person deserved damnation. According to covenant theology, Christ's sacrifice on the cross made possible the covenant of graceby which those selected by God could be saved.
Puritans believed in unconditional election and irresistible grace —God's grace was given freely without condition to the elect and could not be refused.
It held that God's predestination was not "impersonal and mechanical" but was a "covenant of grace" that one entered into by faith. Therefore, being a Christian could never be reduced to simple "intellectual acknowledgment" of the truth of Christianity. Puritans agreed "that the effectual call of each elect saint of God would always come as an individuated personal encounter with God's promises".
Over time, however, Puritan theologians developed a framework for authentic religious experience based on their own experiences as well as those of their parishioners. Eventually, Puritans came to regard a specific conversion experience as an essential mark of one's election.
It began with a preparatory phase designed to produce contrition for sin through introspectionBible study and listening to preaching. This was followed by humiliationwhen the sinner realized that he or she was helpless to break free from sin and that their good works could never earn forgiveness.
For some Puritans, this was a dramatic experience and they referred to it as being born again. Historian Perry Miller wrote that the Puritans "liberated men from the treadmill of indulgences and penancesbut cast them on the iron couch of introspection".
Puritan clergy wrote many spiritual guides to help their parishioners pursue personal piety and sanctification. Many Puritans relied on both personal religious experience and self-examination to assess their spiritual condition. Reformed baptismal theologyLord's Supper in Reformed theologyand Puritan Sabbatarianism The sermon was central to Puritan public worship.
The sermon was not only a means of religious education; Puritans believed it was the most common way that God prepared a sinner's heart for conversion.
They rejected confirmation as unnecessary. Most Puritans practiced infant baptismbut a minority held credobaptist beliefs. Those who baptized infants understood it through the lens of covenant theology, believing that baptism had replaced circumcision as a sign of the covenant and marked a child's admission into the visible church.
In "A Discourse on the Nature of Regeneration", Stephen Charnock distinguished regeneration from "external baptism" writing that baptism "confers not grace" but rather is a means of conveying the grace of regeneration only "when the [Holy] Spirit is pleased to operate with it".
Therefore, one cannot assume that baptism produces regeneration. The Westminster Confession states that the grace of baptism is only effective for those who are among the elect; however, its effects are not tied to the moment of baptism but lies dormant until one experiences conversion later in life.
Instead, Puritans embraced the Reformed doctrine of real spiritual presence, believing that in the Lord's Supper the faithful receive Christ spiritually.
In agreement with Thomas Cranmerthe Puritans stressed "that Christ comes down to us in the sacrament by His Word and Spirit, offering Himself as our spiritual food and drink". The episcopalians known as the prelatical party were conservatives who supported retaining bishops if those leaders supported reform and agreed to share power with local churches.
In addition, these Puritans called for a renewal of preaching, pastoral care and Christian discipline within the Church of England. The Westminster Assembly proposed the creation of a presbyterian system, but the Long Parliament left implementation to local authorities.
As a result, the Church of England never developed a complete presbyterian hierarchy. Furthermore, the sacraments would only be administered to those in the church covenant. The New England Congregationalists were also adamant that they were not separating from the Church of England.Examination of puritan philosophy in william bradfords on p.
Examination of Puritan Philosophy in Bradford's "On Plymouth Plantation" The Puritan people first came to the New World to escape the religious persecution that hounded Non-Anglicans in England. They established the Plymouth Colony in , in what is now Massachusetts. The Puritan movement of Jacobean times became distinctive by adaptation and compromise, with the emergence of "semi-separatism", "moderate puritanism", the writings of William Bradshaw, who adopted the term "Puritan" as self-identification, and the beginnings of congregationalism.
Free Essays words ( pages) Essay on The Puritans - The Puritans were a religious group that came to North America in search of religious freedom, and, in the process, greatly impacted the North American church, government, education, social mores, and economy.
- Puritans and Puritanism This essay addresses the questions: What is Puritanism. What is the meaning of puritanism in American history.
What is the Covenant as Puritans understood it. Certainly one finds Puritan fear and loathing of wilderness in William Bradford's Of Plymouth Plantation, , and many other seventeenth-century Puritan writings, such as Michael Wigglesworth's God's Controversy with New England (), and Cotton Mather's Decennium Luctuosum: An History of Remarkable Occurrences in the Long War Which New-England Hath Had with the Indian Salvages .
Puritan Ideology: Irresistible Grace Puritanism was a group of practices and principles that created reforms in doctrine and religion. The basic Puritan beliefs were founded on the TULIP concept. It is an acronym that stands for: Total depravity, Unconditional election, Limited atonement, Irresistible grace, and Perseverance of the saints.