He was a religious saint, a politician, a patriot and nationalist, and economist, and a great freedom fighter, all in one.
However, when it comes to implementation, it is criticized for being impractical and imaginary. For instance, the concept of trusteeship as enunciated by Gandhi demands non-possession. It seeks individual to dispossess his wealth and income beyond his requirements so that the economic welfare of the less capable is realized.
The principle of non-possession and trusteeship is not realized practically because individuals are immensely attached to their wealth in the ordinary course of life.
Gandhi and even later day Gandhians have not been able to find the root cause of attachment to wealth and its accumulation overtime. The family according to me the basic unit of a capitalist system in which wealth and property is personally owned by individuals and families.
The family not only owns and accumulates material wealth but also owns progeny. The ownership of progeny is established through sexual relations between husband and wife the union of sperm and the egg.
It is in fact the ownership of the sperm and the egg that leads to the ownership of progeny. However, sperms and eggs are autonomously produced inside the body of human beings irrespective of the desire or command of the person. What is therefore autonomously produced and the man or the woman has no contribution in the production of sperm and egg, cannot therefore be owned by man or woman and hence husband and wife cannot claim ownership over the progeny.
Parenthood motherhood and fatherhood is social and not biological. The bodies of men and women are only apparatuses used by nature to procreate in an endless series of generations. Once the realization of the non-ownership of progeny is dawned on human beings, the principle of non-possession and trusteeship as enunciated by Gandhi will complete its loop and the Idea will assume pragmatism.
Sarvodaya or the rising of one and all will not only become possible but also become a fact of life once the root cause of possession and accumulation is exposed to the satisfaction of one and all. Gandhi was perhaps not been able to look at non-possession of sperms and eggs because of his pre-occupation with celibacy or brahmacharya.
The towering presence of Gandhi in Indian society and the world at large need no further emphasis or restatement. A millennium of democracy in Great Britain, roughly three centuries of democracy and capitalism post Adam Smith in the United States and France and other countries of Europe, America, Africa, Asia and the continent of Australia is yet to create a society free from the worries of bread and free from the fears of penury.
Wide income inequalities both within and between the nations of the world, widespread poverty in Asia and Africa and the countries of Central America point to the fact that the Western Model of capitalism that was adopted by the countries of the world save exceptions and that which survives along with its flip side to this day has not really delivered the people to light, wisdom and happiness.
Economic growth without social justice and equity, destructive technological development and mindless consumerism that has engulfed the spirit of modern men and women is creating a dysfunctional society that is on the brink of disaster and destruction.
The synthesis of the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi with the ideas of the modern world will create a more holistic and integrated society. It will deliver more happiness, generate more altruistic economic surplus and bring about a more egalitarian society than what is now available to us.
He neither claimed to be an economist nor was trained in Economics. He was not a voracious reader of economic literature. Nevertheless, he expressed his views on economics at various points of time in his life.
His reflections on Economics found expression in his writings and thoughts. The literature thus created is known to be enormous enough to be unparalleled in the history of modern Indian economic thought. The good of the individual is contained in the good of all Sarvodaya. Each person has the right to earn livelihood from his work and there is dignity of labor, meaning thereby that there is nothing called high and low labor Bread labor.
The life of the tiller of the soil and the handicraftsmen is the life worth living Village industries and Swadeshi. Gandhi admitted that he was clearly aware of the first truth with little awareness about the second and clearly he was unaware about the third truth.
However, Gandhi realized that the second and third truths contained in the first. Another writer who deeply influenced Gandhi was Leo Tolstoy. That the ideal of man is spiritual progress first and last and no economic progress can violate this principle.
Gandhian economics lay emphasis on spiritual satisfaction.The below mentioned article provides an overview on Gandhian Economics: 1.
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|A short note on Gandhian economics||A short note on Gandhian economics Article shared by Mahatma Gandhi was one of the greatest thinkers of this century.|
Introduction to Gandhian Economics 2. Influences on Gandhi 3. Three Phases 4. Assessment 5. Influence on Indian Thinkers.
Introduction to Gandhian Economics: The economic ideas of Gandhi and his followers may collectively be called Gandhian Economics. This essay provides a critique of the argument made by the writer in support of economic growth.
Critical Review of the Article The importance of economic growth should be considered in context of the impact of growth on environment. Gandhian economics is a school of economic thought based on the spiritual and socio-economic principles expounded by Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi.
It is largely characterised by rejection of the concept of the human being as a rational actor always seeking to maximize material self-interest that underlies classical economic thinking. Apr 03, · In Gandhian economic thought, economic objectives are the handmaidens of the moral and ethical objectives of the system.
The goal of the Gandhian system is the welfare of total society - "Sarvodaya" - including the poorest of the society.
The below mentioned article provides an overview on Gandhian Economics: 1. Introduction to Gandhian Economics 2. Influences on Gandhi 3.
Three Phases 4. Assessment 5. Influence on Indian Thinkers. Introduction to Gandhian Economics: The economic ideas of Gandhi and his followers may collectively be called Gandhian Economics. Fall The Think Club 8 Essay Gandhian Economics – Trusteeship By Jayant Pandya "Believing as he did in non-violence, Gandhi was against the physical liquidation of the capitalists and.