Overview[ edit ] Deliberative democracy holds that, for a democratic decision to be legitimate, it must be preceded by authentic deliberation, not merely the aggregation of preferences that occurs in voting. Authentic deliberation is deliberation among decision-makers that is free from distortions of unequal political power, such as power a decision-maker obtained through economic wealth or the support of interest groups.
A priority is a principle that determines preference. Without a priority we cannot choose. To choose is to prefer. We prefer according to our priority. They are arbitrary assertions we make as without them we cannot make a decision.
Ford employees may think otherwise. For Hamlet - and many others - survival is not the ultimate priority. There is no ultimate priority. Many value their WAY of life more than life itself. Many prefer to risk their lives for Freedom or Honour rather than to live under oppression, or in shame.
Is submission to Nazi rule preferable to fighting against Nazism? Many replied - No. Human society was not created by Nature. It is an arbitrary creation of human beings. By creating society people liberated themselves from total subordination to Nature. In Nature behaviour is dominated by biological needs.
Living in society liberates us from this enslavement by making the fulfilment of biological needs easier. Society frees us to choose priorities set by us, not by Nature. Life in society enables us to choose our own priorities. All political priorities can be sorted into just five types by posing the question: The five possible answers are: We need it as without it we cannot decide.
We cannot have two priorities at the same time, as we cannot prefer two things.
We may want two things but if we must choose one of them we must prefer by using our priority. Each priority excludes all other priorities. Economic and political conflicts originate from conflicts of priorities. Ethno-centrism of one group comes into conflict with ethno-centrism of other groups and often leads to war.
Egocentrism of one person comes into conflict with the egocentrism of all other persons. Ego-centrism, the priority principle of Capitalism, contradicts Anthropo-centrism, which is the priority principle of Socialism and of Christianity.
Here too we can have only one sub-priority at any moment. How do priorities affect Hamlet and the doctor? They affect Hamlet but not the doctor.
Hamlet decides according to his priorities but the doctor concludes by applying logical reasoning to medical data, not by personal priorities. A doctor cannot choose a medical conclusion.
Conclusions are not chosen but imposed by the data and by logic. Today most people in Europe and the United States have another priority: In his inaugural speech in President Kennedy appealed to the citizens of the USA to change their priority.
Ask what YOU can do for your country. Very few did so. Priorities are programmed into children by parents, teachers, leaders. Once implanted, it is very difficult to change them - especially if this is done using authoritarian means. But all priorities are arbitrary.
This event - like all wars - demonstrates that conflicts of priorities often motivate people to kill.Chapter 1 Politics and Democracy Flashcard 1 Out Of 48 Showing Front Of Card.
Show Both Sides Show Back First According to the pluralist view of government and politics, democracy can be achieved by _____ Chapter Join QuizMEOnline on Facebook.
Articles Questions Quizzes Flashcards Study Guides. Muslims around the world express broad support for democracy and for people of other faiths being able to practice their religion freely.
At the same time, many Muslims say religious leaders should influence political matters and see Islamic political parties as just as good or better than other political parties.
8 Australia and chapter its neighbours Learn how to: • recognise how evidence and values produce different versions of past events, people and institutions.
AP US Government & Politics Chapter Constitutional Democracy Chapter Terms you need to know and understand: democracy direct democracy representative democracy constitutional democracy constitutionalism statism majority plurality social capital ideology theocracy Articles of Confederation Annapolis .
REVIEWING THE CHAPTER CHAPTER FOCUS The purpose of this chapter is to give you a preview of the major questions to be asked throughout the B. Variation in representative democracy 1. Majoritarian politics a) Leaders constrained to follow wishes of the people very closely b) Applies when issues are simple, clear and feasible.
Jan 3 Wednesday pm, Tustin: OC for Climate Action Planning Meeting @ REI, El Camino Real Our January planning meeting will again be a joint meeting with OC Clean Power and Climate Action OC.
Due to the holidays, this meeting will be on the first Wednesday in January, rather than our normal first Tuesday.