What is the Ontological argument for the existence of God? The ontological argument is an argument based not on observation of the world like the cosmological and teleological arguments but rather on reason alone.
References and Further Reading 1. The Non-Empirical Nature of the Ontological Arguments It is worth reflecting for a moment on what a remarkable and beautiful!
If I want to prove that bachelors, unicorns, or viruses exist, it is not enough just to reflect on the concepts. I need to go out into the world and conduct some sort of empirical investigation using my senses.
In general, positive and negative existential claims can be established only by empirical methods. There is, however, one class of exceptions. We can prove certain negative existential claims merely by reflecting on the content of the concept.
Thus, for example, we can determine that there are no square circles in the world without going out and looking under every rock to see whether there is a square circle there.
We can do so merely by consulting the definition and seeing that it is self-contradictory. Thus, the very concepts imply that there exist no entities that are both square and circular. The ontological argument, then, is unique among such arguments in that it purports to establish the real as opposed to abstract existence of some entity.
In the following sections, we will evaluate a number of different attempts to develop this astonishing strategy. The Classic Version of the Ontological Argument a.
The Argument Described St. AnselmArchbishop of Canteburyis the originator of the ontological argument, which he describes in the Proslogium as follows: For suppose it exists in the understanding alone: But obviously this is impossible.
Hence, there is no doubt that there exists a being, than which nothing greater can be conceived, and it exists both in the understanding and in reality. The argument in this difficult passage can accurately be summarized in standard form: It is a conceptual truth or, so to speak, true by definition that God is a being than which none greater can be imagined that is, the greatest possible being that can be imagined.
God exists as an idea in the mind. A being that exists as an idea in the mind and in reality is, other things being equal, greater than a being that exists only as an idea in the mind. Thus, if God exists only as an idea in the mind, then we can imagine something that is greater than God that is, a greatest possible being that does exist.
But we cannot imagine something that is greater than God for it is a contradiction to suppose that we can imagine a being greater than the greatest possible being that can be imagined.
Intuitively, one can think of the argument as being powered by two ideas. The first, expressed by Premise 2, is that we have a coherent idea of a being that instantiates all of the perfections. Otherwise put, Premise 2 asserts that we have a coherent idea of a being that instantiates every property that makes a being greater, other things being equal, than it would have been without that property such properties are also known as "great-making" properties.
Premise 3 asserts that existence is a perfection or great-making property. Accordingly, the very concept of a being that instantiates all the perfections implies that it exists. Since Premise 3 asserts that existence is a perfection, it follows that B lacks a perfection.
But this contradicts the assumption that B is a being that instantiates all the perfections. Thus, according to this reasoning, it follows that B exists. As the objection is sometimes put, Anselm simply defines things into existence-and this cannot be done.
Now if some one should tell me that there is … an island [than which none greater can be conceived], I should easily understand his words, in which there is no difficulty. But suppose that he went on to say, as if by a logical inference:Question: "What is the Ontological argument for the existence of God?" Answer: The ontological argument is an argument based not on observation of the world (like the cosmological and teleological arguments) but rather on reason alone.
Specifically, the ontological argument reasons from the study of being (ontology). The existence of God is a subject of debate in the philosophy of religion and popular culture.. A wide variety of arguments for and against the existence of God can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical, or alphabetnyc.com philosophical terms, the question of the existence of God involves the disciplines of epistemology (the nature and scope of knowledge) and ontology (study of the.
I’m excited to start my series today on “65 Questions Every Christian Parent Needs to Learn to Answer.”Yes, I’m going to answer each one on my blog this year (amongst other posts)! Let’s get right to question #1: What key arguments are there for God’s existence? If you can’t confidently answer that question right now in a way that doesn’t reference your personal experience or.
The ontological argument is an argument for God’s existence based entirely on reason. According to this argument, there is no need to go out looking for physical evidence of God’s existence; we can work out that he exists just by thinking about it.
St. Anselm's Proslogion, which he wrote in , has over the last nine centuries attracted both controversy and philosophical debate. Anselm's approach to seeking the truth of God's existence is with faith and reason inextricably linked, first meditating then contemplating what reason informs and faith reveals of the Highest Good.
Question: "Is there an argument for the existence of God?" Answer: The question of whether there is a conclusive argument for the existence of God has been debated throughout history, with exceedingly intelligent people taking both sides of the dispute.
In recent times, arguments against the possibility of God’s existence have taken on a militant spirit that accuses anyone daring to believe.