Irony Definition of Irony Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is a difference between appearance and reality. Types of Irony On the grounds of the above definition, we distinguish two basic types of irony:
A common perception is that open form is easier and less rigorous than closed form Frost likened it to "playing tennis with the net down" but such is not necessarily the case skeptics should try playing tennis without a net: In the best open form poems, the poet achieves something that is inaccessible through closed form.
Kennedy has said, "Should the poet succeed, then the discovered arrangement will seem exactly right for what the poem is saying" A noiseless patient spider, I marked where on a little promontory it stood isolated, Marked how to explore the vacant vast surrounding, It launched forth filament, filament, filament, out of itself, Ever unreeling them, ever tirelessly speeding them.
And you O my soul where you stand, Surrounded, detached, in measureless oceans of space, Ceaselessly musing, venturing, throwing, seeking the spheres to connect them, Till the bridge you will need to be formed, till the ductile anchor hold, Till the gossamer thread you fling catch somewhere, O my soul.
Just as the spider and the soul quest outward for significance, the two stanzas throw links to each other with subtly paired words: In this poem, Whitman uses synonyms and antonyms to give structural integrity to a poem comprising two yoked stanzas, much like but not exactly like the way poets working within closed forms use meter and rhyme to give structural integrity to their poems.
The form works quite well, but there is no established term that describes it. Rather, Whitman created this form so that he could write this poem. Conceivably, other poets could adopt the form, and repeated examples would give literary analysts the material they would need to specify its defining characteristics and give it a name.
Instead, we have one poem that deploys a structure very well suited to its subject. The poem has form, but the form was not imposed by previous conventions. It has open form. The surface is not necessarily the essence of the poem although in some cases notably, the works of William McGonagall there is little beyond the immediate.
Allegoryconnotation and metaphor are some of the subtler ways in which a poet communicates with the reader. Before getting seduced into explorations of subtle nuance, however, the reader should establish the theme of the poem. Not the literal story but the heart of the poem. William Harmon [ full citation needed ] has suggested that starting an analysis with: George Herbert in his poem Jordan I  asks if poetry must be about the imaginary.
Who sayes that fictions onely and false hair Become a verse? Is there in truth no beautie? Is all good structure in a winding stair? May no lines passe, except they do their dutie Not to a true, but painted chair? He was railing against the prevalent enthusiasm for pastoral poetry above all other forms as becomes apparent in subsequent verses.
Curiously, this verse uses metaphors to challenge the use of indirect approaches to their subject. False hair and a painted chair are decorations of the mundane.
The winding stair is obstructive concealment of meaning. Herbert is criticising the overuse of allegory, symbolism or elaborate language. For most poets—even the plain-speaking Herbert—metaphor is the fundamental means of communicating complexity succinctly.
Some metaphors become so widely used that they are widely recognised symbols and these can be identified by using a specialist dictionary. Allegorical verse uses an extended metaphor to provide the framework for the whole work.
The symbolism used in a poem may not always be as overt as metaphor. Often the poet communicates emotionally by selecting words with particular connotations. For example, the word "sheen" in The Destruction of Sennacherib has stronger connotations of polishing, of human industry, than does the similar "shine".
The Assyrians did not simply choose shiny metal; they worked to make it so. The word hints at a military machine.Famous Irony poems written by famous poets.
Examples of famous Irony poetry from the past and present. Read famous Irony poems considered to be modern and old classics. Feb 01, · Tone: The implied attitude of the writer or speaker in the poem or other literary work.
Questions & Answers Questions must be on-topic, written with proper grammar usage, and understandable to a wide alphabetnyc.coms: Verbal irony involves what one does not mean. For example, when in response to a foolish idea, we say, “What a great idea!” This is verbal irony.
Situational irony occurs when, for instance, a man is chuckling at the misfortune of another, even when the same misfortune is, unbeknownst to him, befalling him. poetic devices & literary terms use in poetry analysis LEARN THE DEFINITIONS AND CLICK ON THE TERMS TO SEE EXAMPLES AND GET A MORE DETAILED EXPLANATION.
WHEN FINISHED, TRY ONE OF THE QUIZZES THAT CAN BE FOUND AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE. abashed abrasive abusive accepting acerbic acquiescent admiring adoring affectionate aghast allusive amused angry anxious apologetic apprehensive approving arch ardent argumentative audacious awe-struck bantering begrudging bemused benevolent biting bitter blithe boastful bored bristling brusque calm candid caressing caustic cavalier .
Alliteration is a literary device used in written and spoken English to help an audience better understand the message conveyed by the speaker or author.
It plays a crucial role in poetry and other forms of literature in a variety of ways.